看国外 | 俄罗斯:新生态标准引养猪业担忧

看国外 2019-01-04 11:29:25

来源:Pig Progress

New ecological requirements with regard to chemical content of wastewater could negatively impact the meat industry in Russia, including pig farms.

对废水化学成分的新生态要求可能会对俄罗斯肉类行业产生负面影响,包括猪场在内。

That message was shared in an open letter, written by a group of agricultural associations and addressed to the Russian deputy prime minister Alexey Gordeev.

这一消息在一封由俄罗斯农业协会写给副总理阿列克谢戈尔德耶夫的公开信中提及。

The petition was signed by e.g. the Russian National Meat Association, the National Union of Dairy Producers, the Union of Soft Drinks and Mineral Water Producers and various other organisations.

该请愿书由俄罗斯国家肉类协会、全国乳制品生产者联盟、软饮料和矿泉水生产商联盟以及其他各种组织共同签署。

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Wastewater in Russia may have to comply with much stricter standards soon. Photo: Henk Riswick

俄罗斯废水排放将面临更严格的标准。

Reducing the presence of chemicals in wastewater

减少废水中的化学物质

The Russian government seeks to tighten ecological standards to reduce the presence of various chemicals in wastewater as from 1 January 2019. This includes phosphorus, nitrogen and various other substances that are often used in pig feeding and can become a part of waste.

自2019年1月1日起,俄罗斯政府力求收紧生态标准,以减少废水中各种化学物质的存在。这包括磷、氮和其他各种常用于猪饲料,但可能成为废弃物的物质。

The new requirements are much stricter compared to the 2018 standards. If adopted, they would compel most farms in the country to install advanced filtration systems, which are rather expensive, according to the open letter.

与2018年标准相比,新要求更加严格。从公开信获悉,新标一经采用,俄罗斯大多数农场将不得不安装先进的过滤系统,而这些系统相当昂贵。

The need of additional investments could undermine the companies’ profitability, according to the letter. Additional negative impact on the business may come from fines for violation of the new standards, which are rather huge.

该公开信表示,对新系统的额外投入可能会削弱企业的盈利能力。其它消极影响则可能来自于违反新标造成的巨额罚款。

Record-breaking situation for pig farmers

养猪业创纪录

In 2018, Russian pig farmers generated a record-breaking revenue, research by financial advisory agency Deloitte showed. In total, the industry generated 121 billion roubles (about US$ 2 billion) this year, 80% up as compared to 2017.

金融咨询机构德勤(Deloitte)的研究显示,2018年,俄罗斯养猪业创造了破纪录的收入。总体而言,该行业2018年创收1210亿卢布(约合20亿美元),比2017年增长了80%。

The average profitability in the industry also grew, from 18% in 2017 to 29% in 2018 due to a strong harvest and price rises on the domestic market, after the Russian veterinary watchdog Rosselkhoznadzor banned pork imports from Brazil.

在俄罗斯兽医监管机构Rosselkhoznadzor禁止从巴西进口猪肉之后,由于生猪长势良好且俄罗斯国内市场价格上涨,俄罗斯养猪业的平均盈利能力也从2017年的18%增长到2018年的29%。

At an industry meeting in Moscow, Yuri Kovalev, chairman of the Russian Union of Pork Producers, said that in 2019, the market conditions may not be as favourable for Russia’s pig farmers as in 2018.

在莫斯科举行的一次行业会议上,俄罗斯猪肉生产商联盟主席Yuri Kovalev表示,2019年,俄罗斯养猪业的市场状况可能不及2018年那么有利。

Factors affecting profitability

影响盈利能力的因素

It is very likely that the 2019 arable harvest will not be as high as 2018. In addition, he said, Brazil has been authorised to resume exporting pork to Russia, Mr Kovalev said. The new ecological requirements may also become one of the factors affecting profitability.

Kovalev 先生表示,2019年养猪业的收成很可能不会达到2018年的水平。此外,他说,巴西已被授权恢复向俄罗斯出口猪肉,新的生态要求也可能成为影响盈利能力的因素之一。

The industry operates in market conditions, which means that nobody can guarantee high profitability to the pig farmers, Mr Kovalev emphasised.

Kovalev先生还强调,俄罗斯养猪业在市场条件下运作,这意味着没有人能够保证养猪户的高利润率。

(文/爱猪网记者刘坤颖编译,爱猪网原创请勿转载)


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