看国外 | 美农业部50年来首次对生猪屠宰检验进行现代化

看国外 2019-09-23 11:15:18

For the first time in more than five decades, the USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is modernizing inspection at market hog slaughter establishments with a goal of protecting public health while allowing for food safety innovations.

美国农业部食品安全与检验服务部(FSIS)在50多年来首次对生猪屠宰场的检验进行现代化,其目标是在允许食品安全创新的同时保障公众健康。

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced a final rule to modernize swine slaughter inspection and bring it into the 21st century.

美国农业部(USDA)宣布了一项将生猪屠宰检验现代化的最终条例,以使其更适应21世纪要求。

“This regulatory change allows us to ensure food safety while eliminating outdated rules and allowing for companies to innovate,” Secretary Sonny Perdue said. “The final rule is the culmination of a science-based and data-driven rule making process which builds on the food safety improvements made in 1997, when USDA introduced a system of preventive controls for industry. With this rule, FSIS will finally begin full implementation of that program in swine establishments.”

美国国务卿桑尼·珀杜(Sonny Perdue),“得益于这一监管改革,我们能够确保食品安全,同时废除过时规则,鼓励企业创新。1977年,美国农业部为工业引入了一套预防控制系统,食品安全取得了进展,在此基础上,美国形成了科学和数据驱动的规则指定进程,最终条例把该进程推向高潮。有了这项条例,美国农业部食品安全与检验服务部将开始在养猪场全面实施该计划。”

The final rule has new requirements for microbial testing that apply to all swine slaughterhouses to demonstrate that they are controlling for pathogens throughout the slaughter system. Additionally, FSIS is amending its meat inspection regulations to establish a new inspection system for market hog establishments called the New Swine Slaughter Inspection System (NSIS).

最终条例对微生物检测提出了新的要求,适用于所有的猪屠宰场,以证明其在整个屠宰系统中都对病原体进行控制。此外,美国农业部食品安全与检验服务部正在修订其肉类检验法规,以建立一个新的猪场检验系统,称为新生猪屠宰检验系统(NSIS)。

In the final rule, FSIS amends the regulations to require all swine slaughter establishments to develop written sanitary dressing plans and implement microbial sampling to monitor process control for enteric pathogens that can cause foodborne illness. The final rule also allows market hog establishments to choose if they will operate under NSIS or continue to operate under traditional inspection.

最终条例中,美国农业部食品安全与检验服务部修订了相关规定,要求所有生猪屠宰场制定书面卫生敷料计划,并实施微生物取样,以监控对可能导致食源性疾病的肠道病原体的处理过程。最终条例还允许市场养猪场自由选择是在新生猪屠宰检验系统下经营还是继续在传统的检查下经营。

FSIS will continue to conduct 100% inspection of animals before slaughter and 100% carcass-by-carcass inspection, as mandated by Congress. FSIS inspectors will also retain the authority to stop or slow the line as necessary to ensure that food safety and inspection are achieved. Under the NSIS, FSIS offline inspectors will conduct more food safety and humane handling verification tasks to protect the food supply and animal welfare.

美国农业部食品安全与检验服务部将继续按照美国国会的要求,在屠宰前对动物进行全面检查,并对每一具尸体进行检查。食品安全检验员还将保留在必要时停止或减慢生产线速度的权力,以确保食品安全和检验工作的完成。在新生猪屠宰检验系统下, 美国农业部食品安全与检验服务部离线检查员将开展更多的食品安全和人道的核查工作,以保障食物供应和动物福利。

原文链接:

https://www.pig333.com/latest_swine_news/usda-modernizes-swine-slaughter-inspection_15312/?utm_source=newsletters333&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Swine+News&xemail=aWRtPTg5MjMmaWR1PTgxMjY5JnQ9M2I2YmRiOTc0NzVlNGNjNTBiY2E0OWY3NDljMGVjNTA%3D

文章来源:Pig333

(文/爱猪网记者刘坤颖编译,爱猪网原创,转载请注明出处)


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