看国外 | 美国农业部正使用这七种手段防范非洲猪瘟

看国外 2019-03-08 11:00:52


The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) said it is taking additional steps to keep African swine fever (ASF) from entering the U.S.


Although ASF does not affect humans, it is highly contagious and deadly among pigs, cannot be cured and has no vaccine. ASF has been spreading throughout pig farms and wild boar in China and parts of Europe since last summer, and has resulted in the death or culling of hundreds of thousands of pigs. It recently was detected for the first time in Vietnam.



The USDA is taking the following steps to intensify the prevention of ASF’s entry into the United States:


· Work with Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) to train and add 60 additional beagle teams for a total of 179 teams working at key U.S. commercial, sea and air ports

· 与美国海关及边境保护局(CBP)合作,为在美国主要商埠、海港和空港工作的179个团队培训及增加60个比格犬小组。

· Coordinate with CBP on the further expansion of arrival screenings at key U.S. commercial sea and air ports – including checking cargo for illegal pork/pork products and ensuring travelers who pose an ASF risk receive secondary agricultural inspection

· 与美国海关及边境保护局协调进一步扩大美国主要商业海港和航空港的入境安检范围,包括检查货物是否存在非法猪肉/猪肉产品,并确保有ASF风险的旅客接受二次农业检查。

· Increase inspections and enforcement of garbage feeding facilities to ensure fed garbage is cooked properly to prevent potential disease spread

· 加强对餐厨垃圾饲喂设施的检查和执行力度,以确保餐厨垃圾被适当煮熟,以防止潜在的疾病传播。

· Heighten producer awareness and encourage self-evaluations of on-farm biosecurity procedures

· 提高养猪户的意识,鼓励养猪户对猪场生物安全程序进行自我评估。

· Work to develop accurate and reliable testing procedures to screen for the virus in grains, feeds and additives, and swine oral fluid samples

· 制定准确可靠的检测程序,以筛查谷物、饲料和添加剂以及猪口服液样本中有无非瘟病毒。

· Work closely with officials in Canada and Mexico on a North American coordinated approach to ASF defense, response and trade maintenance

· 与加拿大和墨西哥官方密切合作,以北美协调的方式进行非洲猪瘟防御、反应和贸易维护。

· Continue high-level coordination with the U.S. pork industry leadership to assure unified efforts to combat ASF introduction

· 继续与美国猪肉行业领军企业进行高层协调,一致努力打击非洲猪瘟的引入。


“We understand the grave concerns about the ASF situation overseas,” said USDA Undersecretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs Greg Ibach. “We are committed to working with the swine industry, our producers, other government agencies, and neighboring countries to take these additional steps.”


New research out of Kansas State University has confirmed that animal feed contaminated with ASF virus can sicken swine, prompting scientists and industry leaders to call for caution among feed producers and importers.


According to a press release from the National Pork Board, “one new practice designed to reduce disease transmission risk involves knowing exactly how long certain feed ingredients have been securely stored before allowing their use on pig farms.”


It is possible for swine disease viruses to survive in shipments of certain feed ingredients during shipping to U.S. ports and even to inland points of feed manufacture.


“A holding time of 78 days after the date of manufacture and bagging or sealing to prevent additional contamination (“born on date”) for amino acids, minerals or vitamins will degrade 99.99 percent of viral contamination. The holding time extends to 286 days for soybean meal to allow for similar viral degradation, once shipped to prevent additional contamination,” the press release said.